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Kent Online Parish Clerks

white cliffs of Dover
photo of St. Lawrence Parish Church at St. Lawrence in the Isle of Thanet, Kent, England
St. Lawrence Church
(Click photo for larger view)

Thanet, St. Laurence

     A View of the Parish

Sattelite image of St. Lawrence, Thanet, Kent, England
Click on map to view full size on Google Maps.
1881 Ordnance survey map of St. Lawrence Thanet with link to modern ordnance survey map
Click here for larger image of this 1881 survey.
Click map for modern Ordnance survey map.
Reproduced from Ordnance Survey map data by permission of Ordnance Survey, © Crown copyright.
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Statistical Summary

Acres:  4,431 of which 1,185 are water
OS co-ordinates:  TR369652
Latitude:  51:20.2150N
Longitude:  1:24.0536E

Parish Church:  St. Lawrence, at Ramsgate
Registers commence:  1559
Other Denominations:
  Monday - St. Nicholas at Wade
  Wednesday - Ramsgate
  Thursday - Sarre
  Friday - Minster
  Saturday - Monkton, Margate &

  Palm Monday - Minster
  30 May - Acol
  13 July - Minster
  22 July - Monkton
  10 Aug - St. Lawrence
  8 Sep - St. Nicholas at Wade
  14 Oct - Sarre

Newspapers:  weekly at Ramsgate
Electoral Place:  Ramsgate
  Petty Sessions and County Courts -
  Margate and Ramsgate

Jails:  at St. Clement's, Sandwich
  Royal National at Westgate
  coast guard station
  Post office at the town

Registration District:  Thanet
Poor Law Union:  Thanet 1835-1930
Workhouse:  Minster, Thanet Diocese:  Canterbury
Archdeaconry:  Canterbury
Deanery:  Westbere
   pre-1859 - Archdeaconry Court
        of Canterbury

   post-1858 - Principal Probate Registry
Lathe:  St. Augustine
Hundred:  Ringslow
Houses:  636.1
Parishes within 6 mile radius:
  Acol, Ash (Sandwich), Birchington Chislet, Elmstone, Margate, Minster in Thanet, Monkton, Preston (Ash and Wingham), St. Lawrence, Reculver, Sandwich (Sts Clement, Mary and Peter), Sarre, St. Nicholas at Wade, Stonar, Stourmouth, Thanet St. Peter
Greenwood map of St. Lawrence in Thanet as it existed in 1821
Greenwood's Map of 1821. Click map for larger image.

Domesday Reference:

Principal landholder:

Thanet, St. Peter

St. Lawrence is a village and a parish in Thanet district, Kent.   The village stands near the coast, adjacent to the St. Lawrence and Canterbury railway, at the junction station of Pegwell, 1/2 a mile west of St. Lawrence.

The parish was at first a chapelry of Minster;  was made parochial in 1275;  and included what is now St. Lawrence parish till 1827.  It contains the tythings of Ozengell and Newlands;  the hamlets of Southwood, Pegwell, Chilton, Little-Cliff's-End, Great-Cliff's-End, Manston, Poleash, Spratting-Street, Coldswood, Haine, Newington, Puddle-Dock, and Whitehall;  part of Ellington hamlet;  and parts of Northwood, Poisons, Holycondane, Dumpton, and Hereson.

Post town, St. Lawrence.  Acres, 4,431;  of which 1,185 are water.  Real property, £17,439.  Pop. in 1851, 3,015;  in 1861, 3,287.  Houses, 636.

Cliff House is the seat of Sir William Curtis, Bart.  East Cliff Lodge is the seat of Sir Moses Montefiore.  Curious subterranean passages lead from East Cliff-Lodge gardens to the sands.   West Cliff is the seat of J. H. Warre, Esq..  Southwood is the marine residence of the Ladies Ashburnham.  Pegwell House is the seat of T. N. Harris, Esq.  Ellington is the seat of the Garrett family.  Little-Cliff's-End and Great Cliff's-End belong to Mr. Petley.  Manston Court is an ancient mansion, now a farm house, with ruins of a chapel.  Pegwell is noted for shrimps and lobsters, and carries on trade in the potting of shrimps.

There is a coast guard station.

Joy, the strong man of Kent, who could lift a ton and pull against a horse, was a native.1

The parish was effected by the operation of the Divided Parishes Acts, but the Registrar-General failed to obtain particulars of every such change.  The changes which escaped notification were, however, probably small in area and with little, if any, population.  Considerable difficulty was experienced both in 1891 and 1901 in tracing the results of changes effected in civil parishes under the provisions of these Acts;  by the Registrar-General's courtesy, however, reference has been permitted to certain records of formerly detached parts of parishes, which has made it possible approximately to ascertain the population in 1921 of parishes as constituted prior to such alterations, though the figures in many instances must be regarded as partly estimates.3


The living of St. Lawrence, the parish church, is a vicarage in the diocese of Canterbury.  Value, £162 with a habitable glebe house.  Patron, the Archbishop of Canterbury.  The church is Norman, in good condition;  has a central tower, with external arcade;  and contains monuments of the Spracklings and the Manstons.1

Trinity-St. Lawrence is a separate benefice;  and was constituted, as a chapelry, in 1845.  Pop. in 1861, 1,351.  Houses, 253.  The living is a perpetual curacy;  the value, not reported;  the patron, the Vicar of St. Lawrence.1




The endowed charities in the parish amount yearly to about £100.1

1John Marius Wilson, comp.  The Imperial Gazatteer of England and Wales. (London, England: A. Fullerton & Co., 1870).

2Edward Hasted, ed. and comp.  The town and parish of St. Lawrence, Thanet: Town and manors, The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 4 (1798), pp. 260-307.

3William Page, 1861-1934, ed.  The Victoria County History of Kent, vol. 3, p. 360.(London, England: The St. Catherine Press, Stamford Street, Waterloo, S.E., 1932).

Thanet, St. Peter's Bibliography

-- various. 'Archaeologia Cantiana'. Publisher: Kent, England: Kent Archaeological Society, various dates.  [Note:  The following volumes can be found on  1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 (1876), 11, 12, 13 (1880), 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 32, 34, 35, vol. 1907 supplement.]

  • General references to Thanet, St. Peter: vol. , pp.
  • Currently in revision

Great Britain, Public Record Office. 'Calendar of the patent rolls preserved in the Public Record Office--Edward II, Vol. 1. 1307-1313'Each volume has own index. Publisher: Genealogical Society of Utah d.b.a Historical Books on FamilySearch;

Great Britain, Public Record Office. 'Inquisitions and assessments relating to feudal aids : with other analogous documents preserved in the Public Record Office, A. D. 1284-1431', Vol. 3. Publisher: Genealogical Society of Utah d.b.a Historical Books on FamilySearch;

Great Britain, Exchequer. 'The book of fees commonly called testa de nevill, pt. 3'. The Book of fees contains information about the holdings of feudal tenants. Publisher: Genealogical Society of Utah d.b.a Historical Books on FamilySearch;

Hall, Hubert, 1857-1944. 'The Red book of the Exchequer - Liber rubeus de Scaccario, Vol. 3'. The Red book of the Exchequer was a register intended to preserve important documents comprising charters, statutes of the realm, public acts (Placita), private deeds and ordinances, correspondence. Publisher: Genealogical Society of Utah d.b.a Historical Books on FamilySearch;

Glencross, Reginald Morshead. 'Administrations in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, Vol. 1. 1559-1571'. Publisher: Genealogical Society of Utah d.b.a Historical Books on FamilySearch;

Hasted, Edward. 'The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent; Containing the antient and present state of it, civil and ecclesiastical; collected from public records, and other authorities: illustrated with maps, views, antiquities, etc. The second edition, improved, corrected, and continued to the present time'. 12 volumes. Publisher: Canterbury: Printed by W. Bristow, 1797-1801. URL: British History Online

Hussey, Arthur. 'Notes on the churches in the counties of Kent, Sussex, and Surrey, mentioned in Domesday book, and those of more recent date'. Publisher: London J.R. Smith,(1852).

Letters, Dr. Samantha. 'Kent', Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516 (2005).  URL: British History Online.

Page, William, 1861-1934, ed.. 'The Victoria history of the county of Kent'. Publisher: London: Constable (1908).  URL: British History Online

Sharp, J. E. E. S., ed.. 'Inquisitions Post Mortem, Edward I, File 39', Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem, Volume 2: Edward I. Published:(1906), pp. 315-323.  URL: British History Online.

Sharp, J. E. E. S., ed.. 'Inquisitions Post Mortem, Henry III, File 45', Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem, Volume 1: Henry III. Published:(1904), pp. 296-302.  URL: British History Online.

Location of Records

The following list of records is not intended to be exhaustive.  There are many records that are awaiting discovery in archive offices throughout Kent and England.  This list is intended only to set out those records that are available via at least two relatively easy-to-access avenues.  If you have used or discover a record that would be of benefit to other researchers, that is not on this list, please send me an email with the details of the archive - name, address and archival call number.

Census | Church of England | Non-Conformist | Parish chest | Workhouse and Poor Law | Land | Assizes and Sessions | School



Date The National Archives, Ruskin Avenue,
Kew, Richmond,
also available at:
Kent History & Library Centre, James Whatman Way, Maidstone, Kent ME14 1LQ, Phone:+44 300 041 3131, Email:
LDS Family History Centre
(Find a centre near you)
and indexed online at:
6 June 1841 Currently under revision  
30 Mar 1851 Currently under revision  
30 Mar 1851 census name index & images Currently under revision  
7 Apr 1861 Currently under revision  
2 Apr 1871 Currently under revision  
3 Apr 1881 Currently under revision  
5 Apr 1891 Currently under revision  
31 Mar 1901 Currently under revision  
2 Apr 1911 Currently under revision  
2 Apr 1911 RG 78/139 - Census Enumerator's Summary Books online only at commerical subscription sites none

Church Records, Church of England

Record Type Dates Archives
Corresponding LDS Family History Library film numbers
(Find a centre near you)
Parish Register   Currently under revision  
Bishop's transcripts   Currently under revision  
CMB transcripts   Currently under revision  
Parish Registers, transcribed by Thomas Colyer-Fergusson   Currently under revision  

Church Records, Non-Conformist

Record Type Dates Archives
Corresponding LDS Family History Library film numbers
(Find a centre near you)
Particular Baptist Chapel, Nonconformist Return   Currently under revision  
Methodist Church Registers   Currently under revision  

Parish chest records

Record Type Dates Archives
Corresponding LDS Family History Library film numbers
(Find a centre near you)
Parish Council Minutes   Currently under revision  
Removal orders   Currently under revision  
Settlement Examinations, Minute book   Currently under revision  
Overseers' Accounts   Currently under revision  
Return of Churchwardens, constables and defaulters     
Tithe Apportionment Files      
Poor Rate books   Currently under revision  

Workhouse and Poor Law Records

Record Type Dates Archives
Corresponding LDS Family History Library film numbers
(Find a centre near you)
Admission & Discharge books   This section currently under revision  
Guardians' Minutes      
Births   Currently under revision  
Deaths   Currently under revision  
Religious creed registers   Currently under revision  
Apprentice Register      
Registers of lunatics      
Letters books      
Vaccination registers 1899-1930 Currently under revision  

Land Records

Record Type Dates Archives
Corresponding LDS Family History Library film numbers
(Find a centre near you)
Land tax assessments 1780-1831 Currently under revision  
Rates and Duties - Houses, Windows, Lights   Currently under revision  
Manorial Court rolls   Currently under revision  
War Damage Files 1939-1962 Centre for Kentish Studies, Maidstone, Kent, no.: Finding Aid at CKS-DRb/RW 123 None

Assizes and Sessions Records
(poor laws, jail terms, oaths, and other municipal and public records)

Record Type Dates Archives
Corresponding LDS Family History Library film numbers
(Find a centre near you)
Hearth tax   Currently under revision  
Victuallers Recognizances   Currently under revision  
Churchwarden's Presentments   Currently under revision  
Parish rate books   Currently under revision  

School Records

Record Type Dates Archives
Corresponding LDS Family History Library film numbers
(Find a centre near you)
    Currently under revision  


Coming Soon

Church Registers


Parish Chest

  • Settlement Certificates
  • Removal Orders
  • Bastardy Examinations
  • Parish-assisted Immigrants
  • Churchwarden's Accounts
  • Overseer's Accounts
  • Surveyor's Accounts
  • Workhouse Records
  • Pew Rents
  • Donors' Rolls
  • Vestry Minutes
  • Bishops' Visitations
  • Parish Magazines
  • Parish Histories


Total Population3

1801   -   1068
1811   -   1416
1821   -   1601
1831   -   2024
1841   -   2694
1851   -   3015
1861   -   3287
1871   -   5346
1881   -   6834
1891   -   8888
1901   -   11792
1911   -   14490
1921   -   17628

Thanet, St. Peter Distance to

London 62.2 mi.
Canterbury 12.2 mi.
Ashford 24.7 mi.
Bromley 56.5 mi.
Chatham 34.2 mi.
Cranbrook 38.7 mi.
Dartford 49.2 mi.
Deptford 59.3 mi.
Dover 16.1 mi.
Faversham 19.0 mi.
Folkestone 20.2 mi.
Gravesend 41.2 mi.
Greenwich 57.5 mi.
Hythe 22.5 mi.
Maidstone 35.0 mi.
Margate 3.1 mi.
Milton Regis 25.5 mi.
Queenborough 25.0 mi.
St. Lawrence 4.7 mi.
Rochester 36.6 mi.
Sandwich 5.7 mi.
Sheerness 25.3 mi.
Tenterden 34.0 mi.
Tunbridge Wells 48.6 mi.
Woolwich 55.2 mi.


Municipal & Public Records

  • Mayors
  • Town Clerks
  • Recorders
  • Chamberlains
  • M.P.s
  • Jurats, Aldermen and Common Councilmen
  • Electoral Register
  • Freeholders
  • Freemen Index
  • Freeman's Roll
  • Masters Index
  • Pubs, Taverns, Inns, Alehouses
  • Victuallers

Wills & Estate Records

  • AD index 1448-1857
  • CC index 1448-1857
  • PCC 1338-1858
  • PPR 1858-1925
  • Depositions

Court Records

  • Gaol Returns
  • Quarter Sessions
  • Transportations
  • Summons for Pavement Repairs
  • Tithe Apportionment c1830s
  • Protestation Rolls c1641-1643
  • Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy 1662
  • Oaths of Allegiance c1720s

Military Records

Land Records
& Maps

Tax Lists

  • Poll Tax
  • Hearth Tax
  • Window Tax
  • Hair Powder Tax
  • Land Tax Assessments 1780-1831
  • Land Tax Assessments 1799-1805

Other Records

  • Apprenticeships
  • Immigration
  • School Records
  • Notable Events
  • Nefarious Activities

Village Resources