A View of the Parish

Sattelite image of St. Lawrence, Thanet, Kent, England
Click on map to view full size on Google Maps.
1881 Ordnance survey map of St. Lawrence Thanet with link to modern ordnance survey map
Click here for larger image of this 1881 survey.
Click map for modern Ordnance survey map.
Reproduced from Ordnance Survey map data by permission of Ordnance Survey, © Crown copyright.

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Statistical Summary

Acres:  4,431 of which 1,185 are water
OS co-ordinates:  TR369652
Latitude:  51:20.2150N
Longitude:  1:24.0536E

Parish Church:  St. Lawrence, at Ramsgate
Registers commence:  1559
Other Denominations:
  None
Markets:
  Monday - St. Nicholas at Wade
  Wednesday - Ramsgate
  Thursday - Sarre
  Friday - Minster
  Saturday - Monkton, Margate &
  Ramsgate

Fairs:
  Palm Monday - Minster
  30 May - Acol
  13 July - Minster
  22 July - Monkton
  10 Aug - St. Lawrence
  8 Sep - St. Nicholas at Wade
  14 Oct - Sarre

Newspapers:  weekly at Ramsgate
Electoral Place:  Ramsgate
Courts:
  Petty Sessions and County Courts -
  Margate and Ramsgate

Jails:  at St. Clement's, Sandwich


Hospitals:
  Royal National at Westgate
Amenities:
  coast guard station
  Post office at the town


Registration District:  Thanet
Poor Law Union:  Thanet 1835-1930
Workhouse:  Minster, Thanet Diocese:  Canterbury
Archdeaconry:  Canterbury
Deanery:  Westbere
Probate:
   pre-1859 - Archdeaconry Court
        of Canterbury

   post-1858 - Principal Probate Registry
Lathe:  St. Augustine
Hundred:  Ringslow
Houses:  636.1
Parishes within 6 mile radius:
  Acol, Ash (Sandwich), Birchington Chislet, Elmstone, Margate, Minster in Thanet, Monkton, Preston (Ash and Wingham), St. Lawrence, Reculver, Sandwich (Sts Clement, Mary and Peter), Sarre, St. Nicholas at Wade, Stonar, Stourmouth, Thanet St. Peter
Greenwood map of St. Lawrence in Thanet as it existed in 1821
Greenwood's Map of 1821. Click map for larger image.


Domesday Reference:
   None

Principal landholder:
   None

St. Lawrence, Thanet

St. Lawrence is a village and a parish in Thanet district, Kent.   The village stands near the coast, adjacent to the St. Lawrence and Canterbury railway, at the junction station of Pegwell, 1/2 a mile west of St. Lawrence.

The parish was at first a chapelry of Minster;  was made parochial in 1275;  and included what is now St. Lawrence parish till 1827.  It contains the tythings of Ozengell and Newlands;  the hamlets of Southwood, Pegwell, Chilton, Little-Cliff's-End, Great-Cliff's-End, Manston, Poleash, Spratting-Street, Coldswood, Haine, Newington, Puddle-Dock, and Whitehall;  part of Ellington hamlet;  and parts of Northwood, Poisons, Holycondane, Dumpton, and Hereson.

Post town, St. Lawrence.  Acres, 4,431;  of which 1,185 are water.  Real property, £17,439.  Pop. in 1851, 3,015;  in 1861, 3,287.  Houses, 636.

Cliff House is the seat of Sir William Curtis, Bart.  East Cliff Lodge is the seat of Sir Moses Montefiore.  Curious subterranean passages lead from East Cliff-Lodge gardens to the sands.   West Cliff is the seat of J. H. Warre, Esq..  Southwood is the marine residence of the Ladies Ashburnham.  Pegwell House is the seat of T. N. Harris, Esq.  Ellington is the seat of the Garrett family.  Little-Cliff's-End and Great Cliff's-End belong to Mr. Petley.  Manston Court is an ancient mansion, now a farm house, with ruins of a chapel.  Pegwell is noted for shrimps and lobsters, and carries on trade in the potting of shrimps.

There is a coast guard station.

Joy, the strong man of Kent, who could lift a ton and pull against a horse, was a native.1

The parish was effected by the operation of the Divided Parishes Acts, but the Registrar-General failed to obtain particulars of every such change.  The changes which escaped notification were, however, probably small in area and with little, if any, population.  Considerable difficulty was experienced both in 1891 and 1901 in tracing the results of changes effected in civil parishes under the provisions of these Acts;  by the Registrar-General's courtesy, however, reference has been permitted to certain records of formerly detached parts of parishes, which has made it possible approximately to ascertain the population in 1921 of parishes as constituted prior to such alterations, though the figures in many instances must be regarded as partly estimates.3

Churches

The living of St. Lawrence, the parish church, is a vicarage in the diocese of Canterbury.  Value, £162 with a habitable glebe house.  Patron, the Archbishop of Canterbury.  The church is Norman, in good condition;  has a central tower, with external arcade;  and contains monuments of the Spracklings and the Manstons.1

Trinity-St. Lawrence is a separate benefice;  and was constituted, as a chapelry, in 1845.  Pop. in 1861, 1,351.  Houses, 253.  The living is a perpetual curacy;  the value, not reported;  the patron, the Vicar of St. Lawrence.1

Schools

None.

Charities

The endowed charities in the parish amount yearly to about £100.1

1John Marius Wilson, comp.  The Imperial Gazatteer of England and Wales. (London, England: A. Fullerton & Co., 1870).

2Edward Hasted, ed. and comp.  The town and parish of St. Lawrence, Thanet: Town and manors, The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 4 (1798), pp. 260-307.

3William Page, 1861-1934, ed.  The Victoria County History of Kent, vol. 3, p. 360.(London, England: The St. Catherine Press, Stamford Street, Waterloo, S.E., 1932).

 

Bibliography

Soon to be Added

 

Location of Records

Soon to be Added

Chronology

Soon to be Added

Church Registers




Census

  • 1801-1831

  • 1841

  • 1851

  • 1861

  • 1871

  • 1881

  • 1891

  • 1901


Parish Chest
Records

  • Settlement Certificates
  • Removal Orders
  • Bastardy Examinations
  • Parish-assisted Immigrants
  • Churchwarden's Accounts
  • Overseer's Accounts
  • Surveyor's Accounts
  • Workhouse Records
  • Pew Rents
  • Donors' Rolls
  • Vestry Minutes
  • Bishops' Visitations
  • Parish Magazines
  • Parish Histories

Total Population3

1801   -   1068
1811   -   1416
1821   -   1601
1831   -   2024
1841   -   2694
1851   -   3015
1861   -   3287
1871   -   5346
1881   -   6834
1891   -   8888
1901   -   11792
1911   -   14490
1921   -   17628


St. Lawrence, Thanet Distance to

London 62.2 mi.
Canterbury 12.2 mi.
Ashford 24.7 mi.
Bromley 56.5 mi.
Chatham 34.2 mi.
Cranbrook 38.7 mi.
Dartford 49.2 mi.
Deptford 59.3 mi.
Dover 16.1 mi.
Faversham 19.0 mi.
Folkestone 20.2 mi.
Gravesend 41.2 mi.
Greenwich 57.5 mi.
Hythe 22.5 mi.
Maidstone 35.0 mi.
Margate 3.1 mi.
Milton Regis 25.5 mi.
Queenborough 25.0 mi.
St. Lawrence 4.7 mi.
Rochester 36.6 mi.
Sandwich 5.7 mi.
Sheerness 25.3 mi.
Tenterden 34.0 mi.
Tunbridge Wells 48.6 mi.
Woolwich 55.2 mi.


Directories




Municipal & Public Records

  • Public Officials
  • Electoral Rolls


Wills & Estate Records

  • AD index 1448-1857
  • CC index 1448-1857
  • PCC 1338-1858
  • PPR 1858-1925
  • Depositions


Court Records

  • Quarter Sessions
  • Transportations
  • Tithe Apportionment c1830s
  • Protestation Rolls c1641-1643
  • Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy 1662
  • Oaths of Allegiance c1720s


Military Records



Land Records
& Maps


Tax Lists

  • Poll Tax
  • Hearth Tax
  • Window Tax
  • Hair Powder Tax
  • Land Tax Assessments 1780-1831
  • Land Tax Assessments 1799-1805


Other Records

  • Apprenticeships
  • Immigration
  • School Records
  • Notable Events
  • Nefarious Activities
  • Visitation, 1612

Village Resources



 
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