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Kent, England, Genealogy Pages Minnie Winifred Bodeker born Faversham 1893

George SANDYS
 

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Generation: 1
  1. George SANDYS
    George m. Margaret CURWEN [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 2. William SANDYS  Descendancy chart to this point


Generation: 2
  1. William SANDYS Descendancy chart to this point (1.George1)
    William m. Margaret DIXON Margaret (daughter of John DIXON) b. London, Middlesex, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 3. Edwin SANDYS  Descendancy chart to this point b. Abt 1516; d. 10 Jul 1588; bur. Southwell Minister, Nottinghamshire, England.


Generation: 3
  1. Edwin SANDYS Descendancy chart to this point (2.William2, 1.George1) b. Abt 1516; d. 10 Jul 1588; bur. Southwell Minister, Nottinghamshire, England.

    Notes:
    Edwin Sandys senior was educated at St. Johns College, Cambridge University where he matriculated in 1533.
    In 1547 he was master of Catharine Hall. He was named Rector of the University in 1542, Master of St. Catherine's Hall in 1547, and was Vice Chancellor of the Cambridge when Edward VI died in 1553.
    Edwin supported the cause of Lady Jane Grey. Mary (a Catholic) was proclaimed Queen, and Sandys was committed to the Tower of London on 25 July 1553. Finally obtaining release, he crossed to the Continent and joined the group of exiles who were to be the forerunners in England of the church puritans. At Zurich, to which he had gone following the death of his first wife and their only child at Strasbourg.
    He married his cousin Mary Sandys of Essex, who, with their only child, James, died while he was in exile, 1554-1560. On 19 February 1558/59 he married Cecily Wilford, daughter of Sir Thomas Wilford of Cranbrook Kent, they had seven sons and two daughters.
    There Children were:
    1 - Sir Samuel Sandys, (1560-1623) - He was Sheriff of Worcestershire (1618), a member of Parliment (1615, 1620) and a member of the Virginia Company. He held manors at Worcestershire, Essex, and Yorkshire. A monument to him and his wife, Mercy Culpepper, can be found at the Wickhamford church, Worcestershire. They had 11 children including daughter Margaret who married Sir. Francis Wyatt, Governor of Virginia.
    2 - Sir Edwin Sandys, (1561 - 1629) - Of Northbourne.
    3 - Sir Miles Sandys, (1563 - 1644) - of Wilberton in Cambridgeshire, who was created a baronet in 1612, and frequently sat in parliament. He married Elizabeth Cooke.
    4 - William Sandys, born 1565 and died young.
    5 - Margaret Sandys, born 1566 - married Sir Anthony Aucher of Bowen, Kent.
    6 - Thomas Sandys, born 1568 .
    7 - Anne Sandys, born 1570 - married William Barne of Woolwich.
    8 - Henry Sandys, (1572 - 1654) - He was a signatory of the Third Charter of Virgina with his brothers Edwin and George. He married Priscilla Chauncey and was was admitted a freeman of Boston in 1640. He died in New England.
    9 - George Sandys, (1578-1644) - Poet and traveller he signed the Third Charter of Virginia.
    After Elizabeth's accension in 1558 Edwin returned to England. He was made bishop of Worcester 21 December 1559 and in 1570 he was promoted to bishop of London. Edwin was consecrated the Archbishop of York on 8 March 1576/1577.
    He believed that celibacy was not required of the clergy, he opposed vestments and the making of the sign of the cross, he fought against the encroachments of secular government upon church property, and he opposed Queen Elizabeth I on the subject of images.
    He founded of the Hawkshead Grammar School in 1585.
    The Archbishop died on 10 July 1588 and was buried in Southwell Minister, Nottinghamshire. His widow survived until 5 February 1610 and was buried in Woodham Ferrars, Essex. According to her epitaph, 'She led a most Christian and holy life, carefully educated her children, wisely governed her familye, charitably relieved the poore, and was a true mirror of a Christian matron.'

    Edwin m. Cecilia WILSFORD 19 Feb 1558/1559. Cecilia (daughter of Thomas, Esq. WILSFORD and Rose WHETENHALL) b. Cranbrook, Kent, England; d. 5 Feb 1610; bur. Woodham Ferrars, Essex, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 4. Margaret SANDYS  Descendancy chart to this point d. 13 Oct 1590, Bishopsbourne, Kent, England; bur. Bishopsbourne, Kent, England.
    2. 5. Edwin SANDYS  Descendancy chart to this point b. 9 Dec 1561, Hartlebury Castle .


Generation: 4
  1. Margaret SANDYS Descendancy chart to this point (3.Edwin3, 2.William2, 1.George1) d. 13 Oct 1590, Bishopsbourne, Kent, England; bur. Bishopsbourne, Kent, England.
    Margaret m. Anthony AUCHER Anthony (son of Edward AUCHER and Mabel WROTHE) b. Bishopsbourne, Kent, England; d. 13 Jan 1609/1610, Bishopsbourne, Kent, England; bur. Bishopsbourne, Kent, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 6. Elizabeth AUCHER  Descendancy chart to this point bur. 11 Mar 1665, Nonington, Kent, England.
    2. 7. Margaret AUCHER  Descendancy chart to this point
    3. 8. Edwin AUCHER  Descendancy chart to this point
    4. 9. Anthony AUCHER  Descendancy chart to this point d. Jul 1637, Kent, England.

  2. Edwin SANDYS Descendancy chart to this point (3.Edwin3, 2.William2, 1.George1) b. 9 Dec 1561, Hartlebury Castle .

    Notes:
    Edwin Sandys married four times:
    1st Wife - Margaret Eveleigh - Daughter of John Eveleigh from Devon, Edwin married sometime in the mid-1580s. They had one child - Elizabeth[1], born about 1585, she later married her own second cousin, Sir Thomas Wilford of Kent, who was executed as a royalist in 1648. Edwin's first wife, died in childbirth in July 1588; Edwin's father died the same month. Margaret's brother, Nicholas Eveleigh, who had been at Corpus Christi College with Richard Hooker and Edwin, became one of Sir Edwin's stewards.
    2nd Wife - Anne Southcote - Daughter of Thomas Southcote/Southcott of Devon, a cousin of his first wife, he married sometime during the early 1590s and she died in 1593.
    3rd Wife - Elizabeth Nevinson - Daughter of Thomas and Ann Nevinson, a well-established family from Eastry (near to Northbourne) - he married Elizabeth about 1601. The Nevinson family held the Canterbury Chapter manorial estate at Eastry from about 1550 to 1630. There are a number of Nevinson memorials in Eastry Church, including a large brass of Elizabeth's father, Thomas 'Nevynson' who died in July 1590. It seems they were only married for a few years before Elizabeth died. Hasted records they had a daughter - Anne - who married Thomas Engeham from the nearby parish of Goodnestone.[2]
    4th Wife - Katherine Bulkeley[3] - born 1583, daughter of Sir Richard and Mary Bulkeley of Anglesey. She married Edwin in 1605 when he was approaching his mid-forties she was about 22; in the next two decades they had twelve children. Their youngest son, Francis was born when Edwin was well into his fifties and a miscarriage occurred in 1620 when Edwin was 58. Although there is an effigy of Lady Sandys in Northbourne church, the later plaque makes no mention of her; she outlived her husband by a number of years and died in 1640.
    =================
    Sir Edwin Sandys and Northbourne

    The following is an extract is from Professor Theodore K. Rabb's book Jacobean Gentleman Sir Edwin Sandys, 1561-1629 and is reproduced with the permission of Princeton University Press.
    'Sandys acquired from the crown in 1611 the "moiety" of the manor of Northbourne, Kent, which became his principal residence. The land had once been owned by the Cranmer family, and was not far away from Sir Edwin's other Kent holdings. The formal grant of the property in March 1614, a month before the new Parliament met, was probably part of the Court's campaign to neutralize influential M.P.s, though it still cost Sandys £850. He may have been at Northbourne as long as five years earlier, but only in 1614 did he began to construct an imposing mansion on the site.
    'Since the building was pulled down 1750, one can only guess at its size, but a few relics and a conjectured floor plan suggest that the house had two wings, one approximately eighty feet by sixty feet, the other about fifty feet square linked by a fifty-foot-long colonnade. If the building was on anything like this scale, even a two storey structure would suggest a cost of over £5000, possibly approaching to £10,000, by comparison with some of the better-known houses of the period. And if the floor plan can be trusted, the resultant conversion of an old monastic house created one of the first Italianate villas in England, earlier than the Queen's House that Inigo Jones designed in Greenwich. Inspired by his Italian journey (and perhaps by his friend Wotton), Sandys was making a signal contribution to the great building boom of early Stuart times.
    'Like so many participants in that extravagant outburst, however, he undertook a burden of expenditure that he could not discharge. In the absence of information about his finances, we cannot be sure, but it seems likely that the prime cause of Sir Edwin's near impoverishment in his last years was his lavish spending on real estate'.
    © 1998 Princeton University Press . (Theodore K. Rabb Jacobean Gentleman. Sir Edwin Sandys, 1561-1629, p.50, Princeton University Press 1998).

    Sir Edwin Sandys's expenditure included draining the marshland around Northbourne in 1609-11. He deepened the North Stream where it drained the northern part of the Lydden Valley which was 'much annoyed by abundance of waters'. A channel was made suitable for a boat to pass from the watering place at Northbourne Court to Sandwich and so was able to clear the the stream of weeds.[1] He also spent £100 on paving stones shipped from Amsterdam in 1621.[2] In 1622 there must have been substantial refurbishment being undertaken at Northbourne as in the autumn Edwin writes that 'I come up [to London] in the time of receiving my rents, and before I can get them. I leave a multitude of workmen in all parts of my house, without oversight, account, or direction'.[3]

    Note: [1] - Dorothy Gardiner (1954) Historic Haven the Story of Sandwich, 217. Gardiner cites Catchment Board Vol. V (1609). [2] - Theodore K. Rabb Jacobean Gentleman. Sir Edwin Sandys, 1561-1629, p.51, note 44. The drainage work was possibly inspired by his brother, Sir Miles Sandys (1563 - 1644) of Wilberton in Cambridgeshire, who had a keen interest in drainage. [3] - Susan Kingsbury, (1906-35), The Records of the Virginia Company of London, Vol 3, 691. Letter to John Ferrar dated 13 October 1622.

    Portrait of Sir Edwin Sandys courtesy of M. Sandys.
    ==================
    6. Sir Edwin Sandys - Virginia Company

    The following paragraphs describe some of the key events in the development of the Virginia colony; they are not intended to give an exhaustive history.
    Elizabethan attempts to set up a colony in the New World were unsuccessful; in July 1585 one group of colonists sent by Sir Walter to Roanoke Island, in what is now North Carolina, gave up and returned to England. When the supply ships arrived shortly after, they found only a deserted settlement. Sir Richard Grenville, commander of the supply fleet, left behind 15 men to hold the island and sailed back to England. Not surprisingly the 15 men were never seen again.
    1606 - 10th April - James I of England and VI of Scotland issued a Charter for the exploration and settlement of the mid-Atlantic coast, now the eastern seaboard of the United States. The company was initially called the London Company and later the Virginia Company.
    1607 - 13th May - A total of 107 male settlers and 36 sailors arrive at a site they name 'James Cittie' and establish the first permanent English settlement in the New World. Shortly afterwards on 26th May Paspahegh Indians attack the colonists, killing two and wounding ten.
    1609/1610 - September 1609 to May 1610 - The 'starving time' reduces the population to 60 survivors from the previous autumn's population of 500-600. 1612 - John Rolfe tries a crop of tobacco to help save the Jamestown settlement.
    1612 - Brothers Edwin, George and Henry Sandys, were signatories of the Third Charter of Virginia on March 12th 1612. Edwin never actually set foot in the New World colonies, although both his brothers George (see 1621) and Henry did. Henry Sandys (1572 - 1654), married Priscilla Chauncey and was admitted a freeman of Boston in 1640, he died in New England in 1654.
    1614 - Edwin became a member of the East India Company. John Rolfe marries Pocahontas and ships his first load of tobacco to England.
    1615 - Edwin joined the Bermuda Company as one of the Gentlemen Adventurers who invested to colonize Bermuda. In 1619 he campaigned for the governorship of the Bermuda Company but failed.
    Edwin was 56 years old when he began to take a major interest in the colonization of Virginia in the New World.
    1619 - Edwin was elected treasurer of the Virginia Company. Governor Francis Yeardley was directed by Sir Edwin Sandys to issue writs for the election of a general assembly, and July 30, 1619, the first house of burgesses, the first representative legislature body ever assembled in America, met in the choir of the church at Jamestown. Its first law requires tobacco to be sold for at least three shillings per pound. The constitution, whereby the people of Virginia should only be governed and taxed with their own consent and should have an Assembly modelled on the House of Commons to regulate the internal affairs of the colony, later served as a model for the Constitution of the United States of America.
    Other business of this historic meeting was a tax of 1lb of tobacco levied on every man and manservant above 16 years of age. A Thomas Garnett, servant of Captain William Powell was condemned to stand for four days with his ears nailed to the pillory for extreme neglect of his master's business and impudent abuse.
    1620 - May - Edwin's position as treasurer expired but the Company was keen to re-elect him. James I was deeply suspicious of the Virginia Company, as many members were M.P.s, and he demanded the election of one of four candidates he had named. The Company remonstrated and appointed Sandys as temporary treasurer. James replied that Sandys was his 'greatest enemy and that he could hardly think well of whomsoever was his friend' and they could 'Choose the Devil if you like, but not Sir Edwin Sandys'. Sandys withdrew and his friend Henry Wriothesley (3rd Earl of Southampton 1573-1624, better known as the patron of Shakespeare) was elected, although Edwin still retained much influence in the company's affairs.
    In January 1620 the City of London had appointed 100 children from their 'superfluous multitude' to be transported to Virginia, to be bound apprentices 'upon beneficial conditions'. A sum of £500 granted for their 'passage and outfit.' Some of these children were reluctant to go and the City was seeking the authority to compel them.
    1621 - George Sandys (1578-1644), Edwin's brother, poet and traveller, accompanied the new governor, Sir Francis Wyatt, to Virginia, where he remained until 1631. Incidentally, Sir Francis Wyatt married Edwin and George's niece, Margaret. George Sandys wrote a letter to Samuel Wrote describing the dire state of the colony which unintentionally contributed to the collapse of the Virginia Company. George Sandy's plantation was across the James River from Jamestown. In 1621 he became colonial treasurer of the Virginia Company. While in Virginia, George Sandys produced his most famous work, a translation of Ovid's Metamorphoses, 1626.
    1622 - 22nd March - A Powhatan Indian attack, in an attempt to drive off the English for good, killed 347 colonists and destroyed valuable crops and supplies necessary to survive the winter. This was the start of a war that lasted a decade.
    1624 - King James annulled the Virginia Company's charter and Virginia became a royal colony.
    ================
    Sir Edwin Sandys of Northbourne Court (1561-1629)
    Bibliography
    Lee, Sidney, (Ed.) 1897, Dictionary Of National Biography Vol L. [Sir Edwin Sandys, 286-290.]
    Kingsbury, Susan M., 1906-35, The Records of the Virginia Company of London, 4 vols. (Washington, D.C.)
    Northbourne, Lord, 1900, ‘Northbourne Court’, Archaeologia Cantiana, xxiv, 96-107. [History of Northbourne Court by Walter John James, 1869-1932, 3rd Baron. Includes foldout map of Northbourne, detailed account of the life of Sir Edwin Sandys and a drawing of the Sandys memorial in St. Augustine's church.]
    Rabb, T. K., 1998, Jacobean Gentleman, Sir Edwin Sandys, 1561-1629. [Biography of Sir Edwin Sandys, including his parliamentary career and early 17th century political events.]
    Sandys Edward Seton, 1930, History of the Family of Sandys of Cumberland, afterwards of Furness in North Lancashire, and its branches in other parts of England and in Ireland, etc. (Barrow Printing Co. Barrow-in-Furness)
    Secor, Philip B. 1999, Richard Hooker Prophet of Anglicanism. [Richard Hooker was Edwin Sandys's tutor and friend at Corpus Christi College Oxford. The book gives a good insight into college life and Edwin's role in the publication of Richard Hooker's book, Of the Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity.]
    Thorneycroft John, 1998, 'The Lost Court at Northbourne', Northbourne Parish Magazine, October 1998.


  

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