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St. Martin Church
St. Martin
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Cheriton Parish

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Cheriton is, ecclesiastically, in the diocese of Canterbury, in the archdeaconry of Canterbury and in the deanery of Dover.  The church is named for St. Martin with registers commencing 1562.

Cheriton, a parish in Elham district, Kent;  on the coast, at Thorncliffe rail station, 2-3/4 miles west-by-north of Folkestone.  It includes part of Sandgate village, and has a post office under Hythe.  Acres, 1,861, of which 75 are water.  Real property in 1860, £10,498.  Population in 1851, 1,658;  in 1861, 7,434 - of whom 4,204 were military in Shorncliffe camp.  Houses, 342.  The increase of population arose from the establishing of Shorncliffe camp.

The living [Cheriton] is a rectory in the diocese of Canterbury;  and till 1867 was united with Newington[near Hythe].  Value, £550 with a habitable glebe house.  Patron, the Rev. T. Brockman.  The church is ancient.

There is a national school.

Sandgate - a village and a chapelry in Elham district, and within Hythe borough, Kent.  The village stands on the coast, at the foot of an extensive range of hills, 1 mile south of Shorncliffe and Sandgate rail station, and 1-1/2 miles west-south-west of Folkestone;  was founded in 1773, by a shipbuilder of the name of Wilson;  grew and prospered as a place of ship building, and as a sea bathing resort;  possesses good advantages and fine amenities for sea bathing visitors;  enjoys very salubrious air, and highly picturesque and romantic environs;  commands a clear and extensive view of the French coast;  is governed by a local board of health;  has undergone much improvement by drainage, by introduction of good water supply, and otherwise;  and has a post office under Folkestone with a savings banks and a money order office, a church rebuilt in 1822, a neat Wesleyan chapel, reading rooms, a literary institution, a national school, a dispensary, numerous charities, and a fair on 23 July.

Sandgate Castle, adjacent to the village, dates from very early times;  was, for six weeks, the residence of Henry of Lancaster, afterwards Henry IV;  was rebuilt, for defence of the coast, by Henry VIII;  gave entertainment, in 1588, to Queen Elizabeth;  and underwent repairs and enlargement in 1806, to adapt it to purposes of modern warfare.  Part of the line of Martello towers, erected during the war with France, is in the neighbourhood.

A military camp, called Shorncillfe camp, was formed on a plateau above the village, about the time when the Martello towers were built;  was made permanent, with the erection of barracks, in 1854;  forms three sides of a square;  and contains accommodation for about 6,000 soldiers.  The troops in the camp were reviewed on the neighbouring downs, by Queen Victoria, in 1855.  The military canal commences near Sandgate, and goes thence to Rye.  Shorncliffe coastguard station also is in the vicinity.

The chapelry is partly in Folkestone parish, but chiefly in Cheriton;  and was constituted in 1848.  Population in 1861, exclusive of the military, 1,669.  Houses, 257.  The property is much subdivided.

Enbrook is the seat of the Hon. Sir J. D. Bligh.  A pack of fox-hounds is kept by F. Brockman, Esq..

The living [Sandgate] is a vicarage in the diocese of Canterbury.  Value, £270 with a habitable glebe house.  Patron, the Hon. Sir J. D. Bligh. 1

1  John Marius Wilson, comp.  The Imperial Gazatteer of England and Wales. (London, England: A. Fullerton & Co., 1870).

Cheriton Bibliography

-- various. 'Archaeologia Cantiana'. Publisher: Kent, England: Kent Archaeological Society, various dates.  [Note:  The following volumes can be found on  1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 (1876), 11, 12, 13 (1880), 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 32, 34, 35, vol. 1907 supplement.]

  • General references to Cheriton: vol. , pp.
  • Currently in revision

Location of Records

The following list of records is not intended to be exhaustive.  There are many records that are awaiting discovery in archive offices throughout Kent and England.  This list is intended only to set out those records that are available via at least two relatively easy-to-access avenues.  If you have used or discover a record that would be of benefit to other researchers, that is not on this list, please send me an email with the details of the archive - name, address and archival call number.

Census | Church of England | Non-Conformist | Parish chest | Workhouse and Poor Law | Land | Assizes and Sessions | School



Date The National Archives, Ruskin Avenue,
Kew, Richmond,
LDS Family History Centre
(Find a centre near you)
and indexed online at:
6 June 1841 Currently under revision  
30 Mar 1851 Currently under revision  
30 Mar 1851 census name index & images Currently under revision  
7 Apr 1861 Currently under revision  
2 Apr 1871 Currently under revision  
3 Apr 1881 Currently under revision  
5 Apr 1891 Currently under revision  
31 Mar 1901 Currently under revision  
2 Apr 1911 Currently under revision  
2 Apr 1911 RG 78/139 - Census Enumerator's Summary Books online only and other subscription sites none

Church Records, Church of England

Record Type Dates Archive 1
Corresponding LDS Family History Library film numbers
(Find a centre near you)
Parish Register   Currently under revision  
Bishop's transcripts   Currently under revision  
CMB transcripts   Currently under revision  
Parish Registers, transcribed by Thomas Colyer-Fergusson   Currently under revision  

Church Records, Non-Conformist

Record Type Dates Archive 1
Corresponding LDS Family History Library film numbers
(Find a centre near you)
Particular Baptist Chapel, Nonconformist Return   Currently under revision  
Methodist Church Registers   Currently under revision  

Parish chest records

Record Type Dates Archive 1
Corresponding LDS Family History Library film numbers
(Find a centre near you)
Parish Council Minutes   Currently under revision  
Removal orders out of Cheriton   Currently under revision  
Settlement Examinations, Minute book   Currently under revision  
Overseers' Accounts   Currently under revision  
Return of Churchwardens, constables and defaulters     
Tithe Apportionment Files      
Poor Rate books   Currently under revision  

Workhouse and Poor Law Records

Record Type Dates Archive 1
Corresponding LDS Family History Library film numbers
(Find a centre near you)
Admission & Discharge books   This section currently under revision  
Guardians' Minutes      
Births   Currently under revision  
Deaths   Currently under revision  
Religious creed registers   Currently under revision  
Apprentice Register      
Registers of lunatics      
Letters books      
Vaccination registers, Bromley area 1899-1930 Currently under revision  

Land Records

Record Type Dates Archive 1
Corresponding LDS Family History Library film numbers
(Find a centre near you)
Land tax assessments 1780-1831 Currently under revision  
Land tax assessments 1875-1876 Currently under revision  
Land tax assessments 1889-1890 Currently under revision  
Rates and Duties - Houses, Windows, Lights   Currently under revision  
Manorial Court rolls   Currently under revision  
War Damage Files 1939-1962 Centre for Kentish Studies, Maidstone, Kent, no.: Finding Aid at CKS-DRb/RW 123 None

Assizes and Sessions Records
(poor laws, jail terms, oaths, and other municipal and public records)

Record Type Dates Archive 1
Corresponding LDS Family History Library film numbers
(Find a centre near you)
Hearth tax   Currently under revision  
Victuallers Recognizances   Currently under revision  
Churchwarden's Presentments   Currently under revision  
Parish rate books   Currently under revision  

School Records

Record Type Dates Archive 1
Corresponding LDS Family History Library film numbers
(Find a centre near you)
    Currently under revision  


Coming Soon

Church Registers


Parish Chest

  • Settlement Certificates
  • Removal Orders
  • Bastardy Examinations
  • Parish-assisted Immigrants
  • Churchwarden's Accounts
  • Overseer's Accounts
  • Surveyor's Accounts
  • Workhouse Records
  • Pew Rents
  • Donors' Rolls
  • Vestry Minutes
  • Bishops' Visitations
  • Parish Magazines
  • Parish Histories


Total Population

1801   -   727
1811   -   887
1821   -   1,121
1831   -   1,143
1841   -   1,178
1851   -   1,658
1861   -   7,534*
1871   -   6,504
1881   -   4,053
1891   -   6,360
1901   -   9,654
1911   -   9,944
1921   -   9,232
*Population increase is due to the establishment of Shorncliffe Camp.

Cheriton Distance to

London 60.5 mi.
Canterbury 13.4 mi.
Ashford 12.4 mi.
Bromley 53.2 mi.
Chatham 32.2 mi.
Cranbrook 26.1 mi.
Dartford 47.5 mi.
Deptford 57.5 mi.
Dover 8.1 mi.
Faversham 19.1 mi.
Folkestone 1.2 mi.
Gravesend 41.0 mi.
Greenwich 55.8 mi.
Hythe 2.2 mi.
Maidstone 29.2 mi.
Margate 23.3 mi.
Milton Regis 25.0 mi.
Queenborough 28.3 mi.
Ramsgate 21.0 mi.
Rochester 35.3 mi.
Sandwich 16.2 mi.
Sheerness 29.8 mi.
Tenterden 19.3 mi.
Tunbridge 37.9 mi.
Woolwich 54.2 mi.


Municipal & Public Records

  • Mayors
  • Town Clerks
  • Recorders
  • Chamberlains
  • M.P.s
  • Jurats, Aldermen and Common Councilmen
  • Electoral Register
  • Freeholders
  • Freemen Index
  • Freeman's Roll
  • Masters Index
  • Pubs, Taverns, Inns, Alehouses
  • Victuallers

Wills & Estate Records

  • AD index 1448-1857
  • CC index 1448-1857
  • PCC 1338-1858
  • PPR 1858-1925
  • Depositions

Court Records

  • Quarter Sessions
  • Transportations
  • Protestation Rolls c1641-1643
  • Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy 1662
  • Oaths of Allegiance c1720s

Military Records

Land Records
& Maps

  • Parish Map
  • Victoria County History
  • Deeds, Mortgages, etc.
  • Rated Property Returns
  • Returns of owners of land, 1873
  • Manors
  • Manor Court Baron
  • Manor Tenancy Rolls
  • Manors, Castles & Holdings of Significance

Tax Lists

  • Poll Tax
  • Hearth Tax
  • Window Tax
  • Hair Powder Tax
  • Land Tax Assessments 1780-1831
  • Land Tax Assessments 1799-1805

Other Records

  • Apprenticeships
  • Immigration
  • School Records
  • Notable Events
  • Nefarious Activities

Village Resources