Kent white horse symbol - 9251 Bytes gbflagpolemd.gif - 63006 Bytes

Kent Online Parish Clerks




white cliffs of Dover
Holy Innocents Church, Adisham, Kent, believed to be in the public domain and therefore clear of copyright restrictions
Holy Innocents Church
(Click photo. Special thanks to Alan Makey of Faversham.)

Adisham Parish


     A View of the Parish

Sattelite image of Adisham
Click on map to view full size on Google Maps.
1881 Ordnance survey map of Adisham with link to modern ordnance survey map
Click here for larger image of this 1881 survey.
Click map for modern Ordnance survey map.
Reproduced from Ordnance Survey map data by permission of Ordnance Survey, © Crown copyright.
worldcomputer.PNG - 44860 BytesYour Online Parish Clerk is:
Mrs. Beverley Matthews


Email her at: 
rob and bev 88 "at" btinternet "dot" com
(Replace words in quotes with the appropriate symbols and remove any extraneous spaces.)

Beverley is offering lookups in:

1841 census
1851 census
and is happy to assist you with your questions about Adisham

If you have any data you wish to contribute, please contact Beverley.

Statistical Summary

Acres:  1,853
OS co-ordinates:  TR227542
Latitude:  51:14.6573N
Longitude:  1:11.3641E

Parish Church:  Holy Innocents
Registers commence:  1539
Other Denominations:
  1886+ Baptist
Markets:
  None
Fairs:  None
Newspapers:  
Electoral Place:  Eastern dividion 4
Courts:  Wingham petty sessional division
  Canterbury county court district

Jails:  
Bordering parishes:
  Ickham, Bekesbourne, Patrixbourn, Kingston, Barham, Womeswold, Wingham, Goodneston, Nonington
Hospitals:
  
Amenities:
  railway station, post town at Wingham

Registration District:  Bridge
Poor Law Union:  Bridge
Workhouse:  1835+ at Bridge


Diocese:  Canterbury
Archdeaconry:  Canterbury 4
Deanery:
  Bridge, later rural deanery of East Bridge 4
Probate pre-1859:
   Archdeaconry Court of Canterbury
Lathe:  St. Augustine
Hundred:
   Downhamford 1
  anciently Eastry

Houses as of 1860:  84 1
Domesday Reference:
   46.7 households. Total tax assessed 5.7 unchanged units. Taxable value 17 unchanged units. Taxed on 17.0. Value to lord in 1066 £40. Value to lord c. 1070 £40. Value to lord in 1086 £57.8. 118 villagers. 19 smallholders. 3 slaves. 6.5 lord's plough teams. 37 men's plough teams. Meadow 13 acres.

Principal landholder 1066:
  Archbishop of Canterbury, Christ Church
Principal landholders 1086:
  Archbishop of Canterbury, Christ Church; Robert son of Watson; Roger.
Tenant-in-chief in 1086:
  Archbishop of Canterbury, Christ Church.
Greenwood_Adisham 1821.jpg - 201412 Bytes
Greenwood's Map of 1821. Click map for larger image.

Adisham

Adisham is, ecclesiastically, in the diocese of Canterbury, in the archdeaconry of Canterbury and in the deanery of Bridge.  The church is named for Holy Innocents with registers commencing 1539.

Adisham, a parish in Bridge district, Kent;  on the Dover railway, 6 miles southeast of Canterbury.  It has a station on the railway;  and its post town is Wingham under Sandwich.  Acres, 1,815.  Real property in 1860, £3,004.  Population in 1861, 492.

The manor was given in 616 to Christ Church, Canterbury;  and is now held by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners.

The living is a rectory in the diocese of Canterbury;  and, till 1864, was united with the perpetual curacy of Staple.  Value, £750 with a habitable glebe house.  Patron, the Archbishop of Canterbury.  The church is cruciform, and early English, with a central tower.  Charities, £20. 1

Bossington, a hamlet 3/4 mile north-east from the church, near which is the manor of Cooting, and an estate, anciently called Ovenden; Dean-street extends on the south extremity, near which is Bludden.

1 John Marius Wilson, comp.  The Imperial Gazatteer of England and Wales. (London, England: A. Fullerton & Co., 1870).

2 Edward Hasted, comp.  'Parishes: Adisham', The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 9 (1800), pp. 180-185.


Adisham Bibliography

-- various. 'Archaeologia Cantiana'. Publisher: Kent, England: Kent Archaeological Society, various dates.  [Note:  The following volumes can be found on archive.org:  1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 (1876), 11, 12, 13 (1880), 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 32, 34, 35, vol. 1907 supplement.]


  • General references to Adisham: vol. , pp.
  • Currently in revision

Great Britain, Public Record Office. 'Calendar of the patent rolls preserved in the Public Record Office--Edward II, Vol. 1. 1307-1313'Each volume has own index. Publisher: Genealogical Society of Utah d.b.a Historical Books on FamilySearch; http://www.familysearch.org.

Great Britain, Public Record Office. 'Inquisitions and assessments relating to feudal aids : with other analogous documents preserved in the Public Record Office, A. D. 1284-1431', Vol. 3. Publisher: Genealogical Society of Utah d.b.a Historical Books on FamilySearch; http://www.familysearch.org.

Great Britain, Exchequer. 'The book of fees commonly called testa de nevill, pt. 3'. The Book of fees contains information about the holdings of feudal tenants. Publisher: Genealogical Society of Utah d.b.a Historical Books on FamilySearch; http://www.familysearch.org.

Hall, Hubert, 1857-1944. 'The Red book of the Exchequer - Liber rubeus de Scaccario, Vol. 3'. The Red book of the Exchequer was a register intended to preserve important documents comprising charters, statutes of the realm, public acts (Placita), private deeds and ordinances, correspondence. Publisher: Genealogical Society of Utah d.b.a Historical Books on FamilySearch; http://www.familysearch.org.

Glencross, Reginald Morshead. 'Administrations in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, Vol. 1. 1559-1571'. Publisher: Genealogical Society of Utah d.b.a Historical Books on FamilySearch; http://www.familysearch.org.

Hasted, Edward. 'The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent; Containing the antient and present state of it, civil and ecclesiastical; collected from public records, and other authorities: illustrated with maps, views, antiquities, etc. The second edition, improved, corrected, and continued to the present time'. 12 volumes. Publisher: Canterbury: Printed by W. Bristow, 1797-1801. URL: British History Online

Hussey, Arthur. 'Notes on the churches in the counties of Kent, Sussex, and Surrey, mentioned in Domesday book, and those of more recent date'. Publisher: London J.R. Smith,(1852).

Letters, Dr. Samantha. 'Kent', Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516 (2005).  URL: British History Online.

Page, William, 1861-1934, ed.. 'The Victoria history of the county of Kent'. Publisher: London: Constable (1908).  URL: British History Online

Sharp, J. E. E. S., ed.. 'Inquisitions Post Mortem, Edward I, File 39', Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem, Volume 2: Edward I. Published:(1906), pp. 315-323.  URL: British History Online.

Sharp, J. E. E. S., ed.. 'Inquisitions Post Mortem, Henry III, File 45', Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem, Volume 1: Henry III. Published:(1904), pp. 296-302.  URL: British History Online.


Location of Records

The following list of records is not intended to be exhaustive.  There are many records that are awaiting discovery in archive offices throughout Kent and England.  This list is intended only to set out those records that are available via at least two relatively easy-to-access avenues.  If you have used or discover a record that would be of benefit to other researchers, that is not on this list, please send me an email with the details of the archive - name, address and archival call number.

Census | Church of England | Non-Conformist | Parish chest | Workhouse and Poor Law | Land | Assizes and Sessions | School

 

Census

Date The National Archives, Ruskin Avenue,
Kew, Richmond,
Surrey,
TW9 4DU
LDS Family History Centre
(Find a centre near you)
and indexed online at:
New FamilySearch.org
6 June 1841 HO107/465 Film #0306860
30 Mar 1851 HO107/1623 Film #0193524
7 Apr 1861 RG9/518 Film #0542653
2 Apr 1871 RG10/966 Film #0827250
3 Apr 1881 RG11/956 Film #1341227
5 Apr 1891 RG12/705 Fiche #6095815
31 Mar 1901 RG13/791 none
2 Apr 1911 RG 14/4315 none
2 Apr 1911 RG 78/173 - Census Enumerator's Summary Books online only http://www.1911census.co.uk and other subscription sites none
 

Church Records, Church of England

Record Type Dates Archive 1
(Addresses)
Corresponding LDS Family History Library film numbers
(Find a centre near you)
Parish Register 1538-1990 Canterbury Cathedral Archives nos.: U3/155/1/1-4, U3/70/1/1-4 Film #1836197, Items 5 - 12
Bishop's transcripts 1569-1812 Canterbury Cathedral Archives no.: DCb/BT1/1; DCb/BT2/4 Film #1736521, Item 2. Missing years: 1571/2-1575/6, 1579/80-1581/2, 1583/4-1585/6, 1587/8-1592/3, 1596/7-1605/6, 1607/8-1611/2, 1613/4, 1621/2, 1640/1-1659/60, 1678/9, 1682/3, 1694/5, 1697/8, 1706/7, 1718/9, 1723/4, 1724/5, 1780/1, 1801/2
Bishop's transcripts 1813-1907 Canterbury Cathedral Archives no.: DCb/BT1/1; DCb/BT2/4 Film #1785906, Item 5. N.B. marriages end 1835, burials missing 1836-1862, intermittent years missing throughout
CMB transcripts 1813-1907 Kent Family History Society, c1988, ISSN: 03089037, 34 microfiche Accessible at Family History Library, Utah. No circulation to Family History Centres.
Parish Registers, transcribed by Frank Watt Tyler Extracts only 1538-1884 Institute of Heraldic and Genealogical Studies, Canterbury Film #1544505, Items 17-18
 

Church Records, Non-Conformist

Record Type Dates Archive 1
(Addresses)
Corresponding LDS Family History Library film numbers
(Find a centre near you)
Particular Baptist Chapel, Nonconformist Return   Currently under revision  
Methodist Church Registers   Currently under revision  
 

Parish chest records

Record Type Dates Archive 1
(Addresses)
Corresponding LDS Family History Library film numbers
(Find a centre near you)
Parish Council Minutes   Currently under revision  
Removal orders out of Adisham   Currently under revision  
Settlement Examinations, Minute book   Currently under revision  
Churchwardens' Accounts 1672-1788; 1793-1904 Canterbury Cathedral Archives no.: U3/70/1/1-4, U3/155/4/1, U3/155/28/1, U3/155/11/1-4, U3/155/12/1-2 Film #1850284
Churchwardens' Accounts Typescript 1672-1770 Canterbury Cathedral Archives no.: U3/70/1/1-4, U3/155/4/1, U3/155/28/1, U3/155/11/1-4, U3/155/12/1-2 Film #1850285, Items 1-4
Overseers' Accounts 1672-1824 Canterbury Cathedral Archives no.: U3/70/1/1-4, U3/155/4/1, U3/155/28/1, U3/155/11/1-4, U3/155/12/1-2 Film #1850284
Overseers' Accounts 1824-1847 Canterbury Cathedral Archives no.: U3/70/1/1-4, U3/155/4/1, U3/155/28/1, U3/155/11/1-4, U3/155/12/1-2 Film #1850285, Items 1-4
Tithe Apportionment Files   Currently in revision  
Poor Rate books 1837-1857 Canterbury Cathedral Archives no.: U3/70/1/1-4, U3/155/4/1, U3/155/28/1, U3/155/11/1-4, U3/155/12/1-2 Film #1850285, Items 1-4
 

Workhouse and Poor Law Records

Record Type Dates Archive 1
(Addresses)
Corresponding LDS Family History Library film numbers
(Find a centre near you)
Admission & Discharge books   This section currently under revision  
Guardians' Minutes      
Ledgers      
Births   Currently under revision  
Deaths   Currently under revision  
Religious creed registers   Currently under revision  
Apprentice Register      
Registers of lunatics      
Letters books      
Vaccination registers, Bromley area 1899-1930 Currently under revision  
 

Land Records

Record Type Dates Archive 1
(Addresses)
Corresponding LDS Family History Library film numbers
(Find a centre near you)
Land tax assessments 1780-1831 Kent Archives Office, Maidstone, no.: Q/RPL/2 Film #1469802, Item 2
Rates and Duties - Houses, Windows, Lights   Currently under revision  
Manorial Court rolls Court roll, 1638-1639, manors of Boughton under Blean, Chislet and Shelvingford (Hoath, Deal Prebend, Littlebourne, Reculver), and Wesgate (Canterbury) Kent County Archives, Maidstone no.: U88/M1-M9 Film #1836442, Item 4
Manorial Court rolls Rental, 1668, Manors of Goodnestone Heneker and Goodnestone Engham Kent County Archives, Maidstone no.: U88/M1-M9 Film #1836442, Item 4
Manorial Court rolls Court roll, 1700, Manor of Adisham Kent County Archives, Maidstone no.: U88/M1-M9 Film #1836442, Item 4
Manorial Court rolls Rental, 1741, Manor of Siddington Kent County Archives, Maidstone no.: U88/M1-M9 Film #1836442, Item 4
War Damage Files 1939-1962 Centre for Kentish Studies, Maidstone, Kent, no.: Finding Aid at CKS-DRb/RW 123 None
 

Assizes and Sessions Records
(poor laws, jail terms, oaths, and other municipal and public records)

Record Type Dates Archive 1
(Addresses)
Corresponding LDS Family History Library film numbers
(Find a centre near you)
Hearth tax   Currently under revision  
Victuallers Recognizances   Currently under revision  
Churchwarden's Presentments   Currently under revision  
Parish rate books   Currently under revision  
 

School Records

Record Type Dates Archive 1
(Addresses)
Corresponding LDS Family History Library film numbers
(Find a centre near you)
    Currently under revision  
       

Chronology

616 - The manor of Adisham was given in the year 616, by Eadbald, king of Kent, son of king Ethelbert, to the monks of Christ-church, in Canterbury, ad cibum2

1397 - earliest documented burial in Adisham churchyard

1539 - parish register begins

1555 - John Bland, a dedicated preacher of the Protestant Church of England and Vicar of Adisham burnt at the stake at Martyr's Field Canterbury 12 July upon Queen Mary's reinstatement of Roman Catholicisim

1588 - here were one hundred and sixteen communicants2

1640 - here were one hundred and sixteen communicants2

1840 - tithes communted

1861 - Adisham railway station opened on 22 July

1886 - Baptist chapel built with burial ground attached

1908 - Village Hall and Institute built

1909 - parish room built

1921 - WWI monument erected in the churchyard

1921 - recreation ground of 4 acres opened on May 4

1985 - 30 October parishes of Adisham and Aylesham were united but both churches remain in use

2004 - Adisham's only shop closed in 2004, the Bull's Head public house has also recently closed.

Adisham was home of the agricultural pioneer John Reynolds, who introduced the Swedish turnip, or swede, into England

Adisham is twinned with Campagne-lès-Hesdin, France


Church Registers


Census

  • 1801-1831

  • 1841

  • 1851

  • 1861

  • 1871

  • 1901

  • 1911

Parish Chest
Records

  • Settlement Certificates
  • Removal Orders
  • Bastardy Examinations
  • Parish-assisted Immigrants
  • Churchwarden's Accounts
  • Overseer's Accounts
  • Surveyor's Accounts
  • Workhouse Records
  • Pew Rents
  • Donors' Rolls
  • Vestry Minutes
  • Bishops' Visitations
  • Parish Magazines
  • Parish Histories

Directories


Total Population

1801   -   271
1811   -   324
1821   -   305
1831   -   390
1841   -   372
1851   -   401
1861   -   492
1871   -   415
1881   -   449
1891   -   441
1901   -   338
1911   -   451
1921   -   500


Adisham Distance to

London 58.4 mi.
Canterbury 5.6 mi.
Ashford 15.3 mi.
Bromley 51.9 mi.
Chatham 29.5 mi.
Cranbrook 29.9 mi.
Dartford 45.2 mi.
Deptford 55.4 mi.
Dover 9.3 mi.
Faversham 14.0 mi.
Folkestone 10.6 mi.
Gravesend 37.7 mi.
Greenwich 53.7 mi.
Hythe 12.4 mi.
Maidstone 28.6 mi.
Margate 13.3 mi.
Milton Regis 21.0 mi.
Queenborough 22.6 mi.
Ramsgate 12.1 mi.
Rochester 32.4 mi.
Sandwich 7.5 mi.
Sheerness 23.6 mi.
Tenterden 24.5 mi.
Tunbridge 40.7 mi.
Woolwich 51.6 mi.


Directories


Municipal & Public Records

  • Mayors
  • Town Clerks
  • Recorders
  • Chamberlains
  • M.P.s
  • Jurats, Aldermen and Common Councilmen
  • Electoral Register
  • Freeholders
  • Freemen Index
  • Freeman's Roll
  • Masters Index
  • Pubs, Taverns, Inns, Alehouses
  • Victuallers

Wills & Estate Records

  • AD index 1448-1857
  • CC index 1448-1857
  • PCC 1338-1858
  • PPR 1858-1925
  • Depositions

Court Records

  • Gaol Returns
  • Quarter Sessions
  • Transportations
  • Summons for Pavement Repairs
  • Protestation Rolls c1641-1643
  • Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy 1662
  • Oaths of Allegiance c1720s

Military Records


Land Records
& Maps

  • Parish Map
  • Deeds, Mortgages, etc.
  • Rated Property Returns
  • Returns of owners of land, 1873
  • Manor Court Baron
  • Manor Tenancy Rolls
  • Manors, Castles & Holdings of Significance

Tax Lists

  • Poll Tax
  • Hearth Tax
  • Window Tax
  • Hair Powder Tax
  • Land Tax Assessments 1780-1831
  • Land Tax Assessments 1799-1805

Other Records

  • Apprenticeships
  • Immigration
  • School Records
  • Notable Events
  • Nefarious Activities

Village Resources