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A View of the Parish

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Reproduced from Ordnance Survey map data by permission of Ordnance Survey, Crown copyright.
 

Statistical Summary

Acres:  1,825
OS co-ordinates:  TR 00 34 (at the church)
Latitude:  51:4.6158N (at the church)
Longitude:  0:51.2506E (at the church)

Parish Church:  St. Mary the Virgin
Registers commence:  1553
Other Denominations:  Wesleyan
Registration District:
   East Ashford, Sub-D. Aldington
Poor Law Union:  East Ashford
Workhouse:  Willesborough



Diocese:  Canterbury
Archdeaconry:  Canterbury
Deanery:  North and South Lympne
Probate pre-1859:
   Archdeaconry of Canterbury
Lathe:  Shepway
Hundred:
   partly Ham & Romney Marsh
   Liberty

Domesday Reference:
   Orlavestone with church
Principal landholder:
   Hugh de Montfort


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O r l e s t o n e

Orlestone, is a hamlet and a parish in East Ashford district, Kent.  The hamlet lies 3/4 of a mile north of Ham Street rail station, 2 north of the Grand Military canal, and 5 south-by-west of Ashford;  and has a cattle fair on the last Thursday of August.  The parish contains also the village of Ham Street, which has a post office under Ashford.  Real property in 1860, £2,114.  Population in 1861, 390.  Houses, 77.  The property is divided among a few.

The manor and much of the land belong to T. Thornhill, Esq..  There are brickfields and extensive woods.

The living is a rectory in the diocese of Canterbury.  Value, £165.  Patron, T. Thornhill, Esq.  The church is tolerable;  and there is a Wesleyan chapel.1

1John Marius Wilson, comp. The Imperial Gazatteer of England and Wales.  (London, England:  A. Fullerton & Co., 1870).

ORLESTONE (St. Mary), a parish, in the union of East Ashford, partly in the liberty of Romney-Marsh, and partly in the hundred of Ham, lathe of Shepway, W. division of Kent, 6-1/2 miles (S. by W.) from Ashford;  containing 316 inhabitants.  It comprises 1825a. 4p., of which about 700 acres are woodland, and the remainder arable and pasture;  the soil is fertile, producing excellent wheat, and the scenery is richly diversified.  The Royal Military canal passes within a short distance of the village.  The living is a discharged rectory, valued in the king's books at 4.15.9., and in the gift of T. Thornhill, Esq.:  the tithes have been commuted for 157.18., and the glebe consists of 48 acres.  The church is a neat edifice.  There is a place of worship for Wesleyans.  Some chalybeate springs rise here.1

1Samuel Lewis, comp. 'Orby - Ormskirk', A Topographical Dictionary of England (1848), pp. 479-483.

Ham Street

The centre of the parish is Hamstreet village, 6 miles south of Ashford, originally known simply as Ham.  The name is Saxon, signifying an enclosure on the road. The original settlement in the parish was at the village of Orlestone, about 1 miles northwest of Ham Street.  Much of the population moved to Hamstreet with the opening of the Ashford-to-Hastings railway in 1853.  There was also a better source of water in a fresh spring at Ham Street.  Part of Hamstreet village falls partly within the parish of Warehorne due to the ancient parish boundary.  Hamstreet is bypassed by the A2070 road, six miles south of Ashford.

Today, the name Orlestone lives on in the Orlestone Forest (a large area of public woodland), and a number of buildings like Orlestone Grange and Orlestone Riding Centre (near Shadoxhurst).  Orlestone proper is now nothing more than a small hamlet with a handful of houses and the medieval parish church of St. Mary the Virgin, parts of which date to the 11th century.

 

Location of Records

Census

DateThe National Archives, Ruskin Avenue,
Kew, Richmond,
Surrey,
TW9 4DU
LDS Family History Centre
(Find a centre near you)
6 June 1841HO107/479Film #0306873
30 Mar 1851HO107/1622, p.22-34 -Film #0193523
7 Apr 1861RG9/514Film #0542653
2 Apr 1871RG10/960Film #0827247
3 Apr 1881RG11/949Film #1341226
5 Apr 1891RG 12/701 (3 fiches) -Microfiche #6095811
31 Mar 1901RG 13/785 - online only http://www.1901censusonline.comnone
2 Apr 1911RG 14/4277 - to be released 1 Jan 2012none
2 Apr 1911RG 78/170 1911 Census Enumerator's Summary Books online only http://www.1911census.co.uknone

Church Records

Record TypeDatesArchive 1
(Addresses)
Corresponding LDS Family History Library film numbers
(Find a centre near you)
Archdeacon's transcripts1562-1812Canterbury Cathedral Archives no.: DCa/BT/139; DCb/BT1/176; DCb/BT2/227Film #1752059, Item 4: missing: 1563/4, 1565/6, 1569/70, 1571/2-1573/4, 1577/8, 1578/9, 1583/4-1585/6, 1594/5, 1602/3, 1606/7, 1619/20, 1629/30, 1640/1-1660/1, 1668/9, 1703/4, 1705/6, 1706/7, 1708/9, 1710/1, 1711/2, 1715/6
Bishop's transcripts1603-1883Canterbury Cathedral Archives no.: DCa/BT/139; DCb/BT1/176; DCb/BT2/227Film #1736929, Item 4: missing 1604/5-1610/1, 1613/4, 1621/2, 1627/8 1640/1-1661/2, 1663/4, 1676/7, 1706/7, 1714/5
Bishop's transcripts - Baptisms 1813-1883 Marriages 1813-1837 Burials 1813-18761813-1883Canterbury Cathedral Archives no.: DCa/BT/139; DCb/BT1/176; DCb/BT2/227Film #1835535, Item 5.
Ham Street Chapel (Wesleyan)Births and baptisms, 1805-1837The National Archives, RG-4 series no. 1174 - see links in right sidebarFilm #0597065, Item 8 and another filming on Film #1482365, Item 3.
Parish registers for Orlestone1554-1765Centre for Kentish Studies, Maidstone, Kent file reference p276/1/1. Mixed register: baptisms 1554-1765, marriages 1554-1752, burials 1554-1764.none
Parish registers for Orlestone1754-1954Centre for Kentish Studies, Maidstone, Kent file reference P276/1/4-8, 11-12, 19-20.Film #1866563, Item 12: Baptisms, 1886-1906.

Film #2355014, Items 2 - 10: Marriages, 1754-1812; banns, 1754-1822. Marriages, 1813-1951. Burials, 1813-1952. Banns, 1824-1928. Baptisms, 1900-1932. Banns, 1933-1954.

Film (another filming) #1866647, Item 4: Banns, 1824-1903.
Parish register extracts1562-1868Institute of Heraldic and Genealogical Studies, Canterbury, KentFilm #1544553, Item 9.

Parish chest records

Record TypeDatesArchive 1
(Addresses)
Corresponding LDS Family History Library film numbers
(Find a centre near you)
Churchwardens' accounts1843-1894Kent County Archives, Maidstone, Kent no.: P276/5/1, P276/12/1-57Film #1752019, Item 7.
Overseers' accounts1663-1674, 1676-1686, 1719, 1782, 1792-1833Kent County Archives, Maidstone, Kent no.: P276/5/1, P276/12/1-57Film #1752020, Items 1-3.
Additional verseers', churchwardens' and vestry materialvarious datesCentre for Kentish Studies, Maidstone, Kent no.: P276/5/1, P276/12/1-57none

Land Records

Record TypeDatesArchive 1
(Addresses)
Corresponding LDS Family History Library film numbers
(Find a centre near you)
Land tax assessments1780-1831Centre for Kentish Studies, Maidstone, KentFilm #1470619, Item 5. Film note: likely missing the years 1798-1802.
Surveyors' note book and tithe map1839Centre for Kentish Studies, Maidstone, Kent: U442/E30none
Various deedsca. 1650-1900Centre for Kentish Studies, Maidstone, KentFinding aid only containing CKS file number on Fiche #6090354.
Manor of Orlestone Rental, Dering Manuscripts1617Centre for Kentish Studies, Maidstone, Kent file no.: U1107/M1-M6Film #1850769, Item 5.
Sir Henry Farnham-Burke collection, 1325-1834. Manor of Orlestone, Court rolls1389-1394, 1443-1444, 1461-1463, 1475-1577 Compotus 1421-1422Centre for Kentish Studies, Maidstone, Kent file no.: U71/M1-M70Film #1836441, Item 8.

School Records

School Board records1873Centre for Kentish Studies, Maidstone, Kent file nos.: CC/C-E/1 - CC/C-E/D/20none

 

Orlestone Bibliography

-- various. 'Archaeologia Cantiana'. Publisher: Kent, England: Kent Archaeological Society, various dates.

  • Orlestone v 11, p. 367; vol. 13, p. 187; vol. 14, pp. 358 & 249, 275, 280;
  • notes from parish reigsters vol. 2, p. 89
  • manor vol. 10, p. 126
  • inventory of parish church goods, vol. 10, p. 286
  • fines of lands in vol. 13, pp. 295, 318
  • Orlandstone (Orlaston), William de, Knight of the Shire, vol. 21, pp. 208, 210.
  • Orwaldstone, 28, 31.
  • vol 49, pp. 102 & 107
  • Hamstreet, turnpike trust, vol 100, pp. 349, 359, 368
  • vol. 102, p. 172
  • overseers accounts vol 101, p. 335

--. 'ORLESTONE : MIs : Medway series of monumental inscriptions', vol. 8. [Microfiche.] Published: Waterlooville, The Parish Register Transcription Society, n.d.

Cooper, Robert M., contr.. 'The Literary Guide & Companion to Southern England'. Publisher: Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 1998.

Glencross, Reginald Morshead. 'Administrations in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury , Vol. 1. 1559-1571'. Publisher: Genealogical Society of Utah d.b.a Historical Books on FamilySearch; http://www.familysearch.org/

Great Britain, Ordnance Office. 'Ordnance Plan of the Parishes of Warehorne, Ruckinge, Orlestone and Snave, with Warchorne Ph det., Nos. 1 to 7, Orlestone Ph det., Nos. 1 to 8, Snave Ph det., Nos. 1 and 2, and Kenardington Ph det., No. 2.'Publisher:  Southampton, [1872]

Great Britain, Public Record Office. 'Calendar of the patent rolls preserved in the Public Record Office--Edward II, Vol. 1. 1307-1313'Each volume has own index. Publisher: Genealogical Society of Utah d.b.a Historical Books on FamilySearch; http://www.familysearch.org/

Great Britain, Public Record Office. 'Calendar of the patent rolls preserved in the Public Record Office--Edward II, Vol. 4 Great Britain. Public Record Office Great Britain - Public records - Inventories, registers, catalogs; Great Britain - History - Plantagenets, 1154-1399 - Sources; Genealogical Society of Utah d.b.a Historical Books on FamilySearch; http://www.familysearch.org/

Great Britain, Public Record Office. 'Calendar of the close rolls preserved in the Public Record Office--Edward III, Vol. 4. 1337-1339'. Publisher: Genealogical Society of Utah d.b.a Historical Books on FamilySearch; http://www.familysearch.org/

Great Britain, Public Record Office. 'Calendar of the patent rolls preserved in the Public Record Office--Edward IV, A.D. 1461-1467'. Publisher: Genealogical Society of Utah d.b.a Historical Books on FamilySearch; http://www.familysearch.org/

Great Britain, Public Record Office. 'Calendar of the close rolls preserved in the Public Record Office--Henry VI, Vol. 5. 1447-1454'. Publisher: Genealogical Society of Utah d.b.a Historical Books on FamilySearch; http://www.familysearch.org/

Great Britain, Public Record Office. 'Calendar of the patent rolls preserved in the Public Record Office--Philip and Mary, Vol. 2. 1554-1555. Publisher: Genealogical Society of Utah d.b.a Historical Books on FamilySearch; http://www.familysearch.org/

Great Britain, Public Record Office. 'Calendar of the patent rolls preserved in the Public Record Office--Philip and Mary', Vol. 3. 1555-1557. Publisher: Genealogical Society of Utah d.b.a Historical Books on FamilySearch; http://www.familysearch.org/

Great Britain, Public Record Office. 'Inquisitions and assessments relating to feudal aids : with other analogous documents preserved in the Public Record Office, A. D. 1284-1431', Vol. 3. Publisher: Genealogical Society of Utah d.b.a Historical Books on FamilySearch; http://www.familysearch.org/

Great Britain, Exchequer. 'The book of fees commonly called testa de nevill, pt. 3'. The Book of fees contains information about the holdings of feudal tenants. Publisher: Genealogical Society of Utah d.b.a Historical Books on FamilySearch; http://www.familysearch.org/

Hall, Hubert, 1857-1944. 'The Red book of the Exchequer - Liber rubeus de Scaccario, Vol. 3'. The Red book of the Exchequer was a register intended to preserve important documents comprising charters, statutes of the realm, public acts (Placita), private deeds and ordinances, correspondence. Publisher: Genealogical Society of Utah d.b.a Historical Books on FamilySearch; http://www.familysearch.org/

Ham Street History Society. 'Hamstreet and Orlestone : a photographic history to celebrate 2000AD.' Publisher: Hamstreet, Kent: Ham Street History Society, 2000. ISBN 0953917606.

Hasted, Edward. 'The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent; Containing the antient and present state of it, civil and ecclesiastical; collected from public records, and other authorities: illustrated with maps, views, antiquities, etc. The second edition, improved, corrected, and continued to the present time'. 12 volumes. Publisher: Canterbury: Printed by W. Bristow, 1797-1801.

Holt, Anne D.. 'History of Parliament ... 1439-1509 Wedgwood, Josiah Clement, Baron, 1872-1943. Publisher: Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons. Genealogical Society of Utah d.b.a Historical Books on FamilySearch (http://www.familysearch.org)

Hussey, Arthur. 'Notes on the churches in the counties of Kent, Sussex, and Surrey, mentioned in Domesday book, and those of more recent date'. Publisher: London J.R. Smith,(1852).

Letters, Dr. Samantha. 'Kent', Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516 (2005). URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=40421&startPage=2.

Mackie, S. J. 'A Descriptive and Historical Account of Folkestone and its Neighbourhood with Gleanings from the Municipal Records', P. 219. Reprinted from the "Folkestone Express". 2nd edition. Folkestone, Kent, England: Printed and Published by J. English, 1883.

Muriel, L. A.  'ORLESTONE : M 1754-1812 : Kent registers vol. 20'. Published 2005.

Page, William, 1861-1934, ed.. 'The Victoria history of the county of Kent'. Publisher: London: Constable (1908).

Rickard, Gillian.  'Kent Communicants Lists 1565-1567: v.1: Appledore, Brookland, Burmarsh, Dymchurch, Ebony, Fairfield, Lympne, New Romney, Orlestone, Saltwood, Stone in Oxney, Tenterden, West Wythe, Woodchurch. Publisher: --.

Sharp, J. E. E. S., ed.. 'Inquisitions Post Mortem, Edward I, File 39', Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem, Volume 2: Edward I. Published:(1906), pp. 315-323. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=108111&strquery=Orlaweston.

Sharp, J. E. E. S., ed.. 'Inquisitions Post Mortem, Henry III, File 45', Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem, Volume 1: Henry III. Published:(1904), pp. 296-302. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=108041&strquery=Orlaweston.

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